Say Hi to peewee

Say Hi to peewee

Once upon a time, when we had to interact with the databases. We had to write bare bones SQL(seequel if you may) or Structured Query language. A language which many common databases like

SQL is amazing but for day to day tasks it is pretty daunting and could be one of the ways in which you can shoot yourself squarely in the foot.

Now I am sure that you don’t want that to happen!

Enter ORM

ORM is an acronym for Object Relational Mapping. Okay, but what does an ORM do?

It turns object in your code to rows in your database and vice versa.

They do this by defining a model. A model represents a table in the database. The models are nothing but classes who have their attributes represent the columns

I stumbled upon Peewee, a lightweight ORM tool for python.

Github/peewee Documentation

Now you might ask, why peewee and not any other ORM like SQLAlchemy or Storm for the matter?

Well my reason for that would be the closeness to the Django style declaration models. This would be immensely helpful for anybody who is gonna be learning/working with Django. Plus it’s lightweight!

Here is a quick demo for how to use it.

Peewee, A gentle intro

Let’s try to model a Student database

from peewee import *  

db = SqliteDatabase('student.db')

class Student(Model):
    username = CharField(max_length=255, unique=True)
    points = IntegerField(default=0)

    class Meta:     
        database = db

The model has been created.

Let’s enter some students to the database

students = [
    {'username': 'tasdik',
     'points': 200
     },
    {'username': 'kellogs',
     'points': 400
     },
    {'username': 'john',
     'points': 500
     },
    {'username': 'doe',
     'points': 600
     },
    {'username': 'foo',
     'points': 1000
     },
]

How about we make the process of creating a seperate function for adding the students to the database?

def add_student():
    for student in students:
        try:    
            Student.create(
                username=student['username'],
                points=student['points']
            )
        except IntegrityError: 
            student_record = Student.get(username=student['username'])
            if student['points'] != student_record.points:
                student_record.points = Student.get(points=student['points'])
            student_record.save()

Checking whether there is anything in there

Firing up the interpreter and running sqlite3

$ sqlite3 students.db
-- Loading resources from /home/tasdik/.sqliterc

SQLite version 3.8.6 2014-08-15 11:46:33
Enter ".help" for usage hints.
sqlite> .tables
student
sqlite> SELECT * FROM student;
id          username    points    
----------  ----------  ----------
1           tasdik      200       
2           kellogs     400       
3           john        500       
4           doe         600       
5           foo         1000      
sqlite> .exit

Querying the database becomes as simple as a breeze too!

The whole thing put together

So there you go

Some notes - If you may:

Example:

Student.update(points=student['points']).where(Student.username == student['username']).execute()

References:

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